ASTM D1194-94 PDF

Designation: D – AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS Barr Harbor Dr., West Conshohocken, PA Reprinted from the. Buy ASTM D TEST METHOD FOR BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL FOR STATIC LOAD AND SPREAD FOOTINGS from SAI Global. ASTM: D AASHTO: T Apparatus. Loading platform of sufficient size and strength to supply the estimated load. Hydraulic or mechanical.

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Large Scale Plate Load Tests

Summary of plate-load tests. A simpler, empirical equation has been proposed by Scott for sandy soils, which relates KS to standard penetration resistance N. Various ranges of KS values have also been proposed by other engineers Bowles ; Das Ret-Ser Engineering Agency assisted in setting up field load test equipment, and Mr.

The geologic formation of the gravelly cobble deposit makes it very difficult to obtain large undisturbed samples for laboratory testing. The results of the plate-load tests on this soil deposit are analyzed and discussed. A sophisticated subgrade reaction model for mat foundations has also been proposed by Horvath The apparent specific gravity of the gravelly cobble deposit is 2.

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The main reaction beam, measured at 13 m by 1. These methods, however, require knowledge of other soil parameters that are also difficult to estimate, such as the modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio.


Each part of the mat is constructed separately. These shear strength parameters along with a unit weight of Beneath the alluvial fan gravel and cobble deposits is the Late Pleistocene conglomerate formation, which extends as deep as m.

However, once the foundation settles, the contact pressure redistributes. Relationship between ultimate bearing capacity and plate diameter. However, such simplification is generally needed for a practical structural design of mat foundations and represents the current state of practice in Taiwan.

Their assistance is greatly appreciated. This simply confirms the well-recognized fact that Terzaghi’s bearing-capacity theory is usually the most conservative. The Tatu Terrace is mainly composed of Pleistocene sandstone and mudstone. While the importance of engineering geology is well recognized, the results of plate-load tests in the present study contribute to the understanding of the load-bearing characteristics of gravelly cobble deposits.

Hansen’s formula appears to be most accurate in the present study. The modulus KS decreases as the size of the plate increases. Modulus of subgrade reaction: Shoei-Muh Wei assisted in several aspects of this study. However, in the present study of the gravelly cobble deposit, the relationship between the ultimate bearing capacity and the plate size is wstm exactly linear.

Thus, while the plates were seated at different locations beneath the main reaction beam, the ASTM distance specification was not followed. The particle-size distribution of the composite gravelly cobble deposit with sand matrix is shown in Fig. Subgrade reaction in mat foundation asym. Geologic map of Taichung Basin. Settlement is caused by the contact pressure q. Use of a single parameter such as the modulus of subgrade reaction to characterize the response of a soil to an applied load is thus an oversimplified concept.

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Figure 10 shows a plot of the measured ultimate bearing capacity versus the size of the plate used in the load test. Plate-load test results and analysis Three different sizes of plates, 0.

The KS value may be determined by semiempirical methods such as that proposed by Vesic Figure 7 shows the complete setup for the plate-load test. However, these topics are beyond the scope of the present paper. Principles of foundation engineering. This may be because the gravelly cobble deposit is much stiffer than clayey and sandy soils.

The values back-calculated with Terzaghi’s formula are the lowest. However, the load tests did result in an important finding: Study of field direct shear tests in terrace deposits and Toukoshan conglomerate formation.

Figures 5 and 6 show schematic diagrams of the setup of the plate-load test, Fig. Subgrade modeling for mat foundations: