Lie-proof your life with Carl Sagan’s “baloney detection” checklist course of their training, scientists are equipped with a baloney-detection kit. Based on the book “The Demon Haunted World: Science as a candle in the dark” published by Headline, The following are suggested as tools for testing. The Fine Art of Baloney Detection is an essay by Carl Sagan in his constitutes what Sagan very politely calls a “Baloney Detection Kit.
|Country:||Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|Published (Last):||24 January 2010|
|PDF File Size:||1.83 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||3.83 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The Baloney Detection Kit
Prepared by Michael Paine 27 January Post hoc, ergo propter hoc. People who go to church are happier than others. Get the best cultural and educational resources on the web curated for you in a daily email. If gay marriage is legalized, all of our children will be converted to homosexuality, and Satan will win. Inveterate skeptics must be given the chance to follow your reasoning, to duplicate your experiments and see if they get kir same result.
Straw man – caricaturing or stereotyping a position to make it easier to attack. Evolution isn’t good science, since it can’t be proven. Saying that because the implications of a statement being true would create negative results, it must not be true.
Non sequitur – “it does not follow” – the logic falls down. Then think of tests by which you might systematically disprove each of the alternatives. Perhaps a better way to say it is that in science there are no authorities; at most, there are experts. Argument from adverse consequences putting pressure on the decision maker by pointing out dire consequences of an “unfavourable” decision.
Click here to cancel reply. It is also called “circular reasoning” or “circular logic”. Remembering the instances where you predicted that it would rain for an event, while ignoring all of the instances where you predicted sgan and there was none. We’re hoping to rely on our loyal readers rather than erratic ads.
Argument from adverse consequences putting pressure on the decision maker by pointing out dire consequences of an “unfavorable” decision.
Carl Sagan Presents His “Baloney Detection Kit”: 8 Tools for Skeptical Thinking | Open Culture
Detecton control experiments – caro “double blind” experiments where the person taking measurements is not aware of the test and control subjects. Statistics of small numbers. If there is a chain of argument every link in the chain must work.
Unless explicitly noted otherwise, all content licensed as indicated by RationalWiki: Check for confounding factors – separate the variables. This type of argument relies on the identity of an authority rather than the components of the argument itself. Ask whether the hypothesis can, at least in principle, be falsified shown to be false by some unambiguous test.
This occurs when a statement has an unproven premise. Compare it fairly with the alternatives. Views Read Edit Fossil record. External links Twitter Facebook Discord. Astonishment when confronted with the fact that half of all people have an IQ belowmit value that was defined as the median score in the first place.
To support Open Culture’s continued operation, please consider making a donation. Spin more than one hypothesis – don’t simply run with the first idea that caught your fancy. Misunderstanding the nature of statistics President Eisenhower expressed astonishment and alarm on discovering that fully half of all Americans have below average intelligence! Intelligent design is good science, because it can’t be disproved.
The Baloney Detection Kit Wherever possible there must be independent confirmation of the facts. Misunderstanding the nature of statistics President Eisenhower expressing astonishment and alarm on discovering that fully half of all Americans have below average intelligence!
Arguments from authority carry little weight in science there are no “authorities”. Arguably, “Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorists. Non sequitur baooney “it does not follow” – the logic falls down.
The Wisdom of Carl Sagan Animated.
Suppressed evidence or half-truths. Never mind the consequences if the speed of light changed from fast to asgan atoms and the energy of photons would be so messed up that the early creation earth would probably fry any young earth.
Sagan makes a few suggestions about the “tools” a skeptic should keep ready in their Baloney Detection Kit. Community Saloon bar To do list What is going on? Post hoc, ergo propter hoc – “it happened after so it was caused by” – confusion of cause and effect. Can others duplicate the experiment and get the same result?
This especially goes for Carl Saganperhaps the greatest science communicator of the past century or so. The following are suggested as tools for testing arguments and detecting fallacious or fraudulent arguments:.
Excluded middle – considering only the two extremes in a range of possibilities making the “other side” look worse than it really is. So it is with evolutionwhich also is host to minor disagreements as to how it happened, e.